Alexander Fernández Scarioni , Craig Barton, H´ector Corte-León, Sibylle Sievers , Xiukun Hu, Fernando Ajejas, William Legrand, Nicolas Reyren, Vincent Cros, Olga Kazakova, and HansW. Schumacher

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 126, 077202 (2021)

We experimentally study the thermoelectrical signature of individual skyrmions in chiral Pt=Co=Ru multilayers. Using a combination of controlled nucleation, single skyrmion annihilation, and magnetic field dependent measurements the thermoelectric signature of individual skyrmions is characterized. The observed signature is explained by the anomalous Nernst effect of the skyrmion’s spin structure. Possible topological contributions to the observed thermoelectrical signature are discussed. Such thermoelectrical characterization allows for noninvasive detection and counting of skyrmions and enables fundamental studies of topological thermoelectric effects on the nanoscale.

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.077202